Important information about Chinese and Russian visas
TRAVEL VIA CHINA ON THE WAY TO A THIRD COUNTRY AND BACK
Chinese visa is required for most nationalities but visa exemption can be made for flight passengers transiting through Beijing Capital Airport on the way to/from a third country, for example North Korea (DPRK). This exemption is valid for citizens of 53 countries arriving in China by DIRECT international flights (stops in other Chinese cities are not allowed) and holding effective travel documents. These documents should clearly determine your departure from Beijing by another international flight to a third country within 144 hours after arrival. Read the official visa exemption policy HERE. Please note that you MAY NOT use the visa exemption policy if you want to travel to/from China by train. In such a case you will need to apply for a Chinese visa.
IMPORTANT! Your compliance with the Chinese visa-free policy requirements is NOT a 100% guarantee that you will be allowed in to China. We know some (rare) cases when people failed to obtain the visa exemption upon arrival in Beijing and were even denied boarding to Beijing in the departure airport. Chinese authorities never give any official explanation why a specific person was denied to entry China on visa exemption. However, it appears that the absolute majority of those who were denied entry had Turkish entry/exit stamps in the passport. Entry/exit stamps from other countries in the region, like Iran, Azerbaidzhan, Pakistan, Saudi Arabia etc may also cause problems.
TRAVEL VIA RUSSIA ON THE WAY TO THE DPRK, TURKMENISTAN ETC
Most foreign passport holders need to get a Russian visa to visit or transit the countrty but from January 1st, 2021 citizens of 113 countries will be able to obtain a eVisa for Russia for short-term stays by applying ONLINE in minutes.
The eVisa will allow a maximum stay of 16 days in Russia within a 30-day period from the date of issue, and is available for tourism, business and humanitarian travel. Passport copies, application form, and other documents required for the visa are submitted online. The maximum processing time for the eVisa is 4 days. Eligible travelers can submit the application between 20 days up to 4 days prior to the intended entry date. Note that each eVisa is valid for 1 entry only and if you need to enter Russia 2 times within 30 days you have to apply for two eVisas at the same time.
Already now it is possible to apply for the Russian eVisa for some nationalities visiting the Far East regions, Kaliningrad region, St Petersburg and Leningrad region. Starting from 2021 the eVisa will be valid on the entire Russia's territory.