Russia is the biggest European nation living in the biggest world country stretched from Europe on its west frontier to USA, Japan (maritime boundaries), North Korea and China on its east frontier. With a land border running 20,241 kilometers (12,577 miles) in total, Russia has (after China), the second-longest land border of any country. Russia is a federation consisting of numerous nations (they speak about 150 languages) living side by side for hundred of years – Orthodox Christian Russians, Muslim Tatars and Chechens, Buddhist Buryats, Shamanists Yakuts and many others. That is why Russians consider themselves not as a country, or a political nation, but as an independent civilization, which has its roots in both West and East.
Why to travel in Russia with Korea Konsult ? Even though Korea Konsult is a Swedish company we are a proven expert in Russia: we've been operating in the Russian market for more than a decade, we have Russian-speaking staff onboard, and we also have an extensive partner-network in Russia.
Russia has two capitals: Moscow and Saint-Petersburg. Moscow has been the capital of Russia since the 15th century, except from 1712 to 1918, when the capital was transferred to St. Petersburg.
Moscow is the biggest Russian and European city, with more than 12 million inhabitants. The city was founded in the 12th century and the Kremlin, its main fortress, was erected around 1156. The city has been destroyed by invaders several times throughout its history: the Mongols, Tatars, Poles, and Swedes all occupied the city, and even Napoleon remained here for six weeks before beginning his retreat back to Europe. Moscow is a great center of cultural life and arts, with several monuments on the UNESCO World Heritage List, many world-class museums, and some theaters ranked among the best in the world.
Saint-Petersburg is called “Russia’s window to Europe”, the “Northern Venice”, or the “Museum City”. Built in 1703 by Tsar Peter the Great, this magnificent city captivates visitors by its stately palaces, elegant bridges and majestic granite embankments flanking the river and canals crossing the city. The luxury and technical sophistication used during the construction and the wealth of the tsar’s court can be seen in the numerous palaces and theatres, as well as the luxurious facades decorating the broad avenues. The numerous canals, islands, bridges and the impetuous Neva lent St. Petersburg its unique character. All of this led to the city being designated a World Heritage Site by UNESCO. Saint-Petersburg used to be a capital of Russian Empire and Tsars built elegant palaces outside of the imperial capital for their entertainment: Peterhof, Pushkin, Pavlovsk and Gatchina.
See our Classic Russia: Ancient Cities of "Golden Ring" programs >>
The Golden Ring is a group of medieval towns and cities that form a ring to the northeast of Moscow. These towns are witin easy reach from Moscow and they played a significant role in early Russian history. Moscow and St Petersburg are, of course, the main attractions in Russia, but if you really want to see true Russian life and how the most of country live you should go and see these picturesque towns older than Moscow and marvel at Orthodox frescoes and golden domes which were built prior to Mongol rule. Largely untouched by Soviet industrialisation, the Golden Ring keeps memories of the lost idyll.
There are seven cities originally included into the Golden Ring: Sergiyev Posad, Pereslavl-Zalesskiy, Rostov Velikiy, Yaroslavl, Kostroma, Suzdal, and Vladimir. Korea Konsult can help you to visit any of these cities or visit all of them in a single journey.
The Poles of Cold are the places in the Southern and Northern Hemispheres where the lowest air temperatures have been recorded.
What does the place with such a cosmic temperature look like? How do people and animals survive? What happens with equipment and machinery? To understand this one should visit the Pole of Cold. It is something to do at least once in a life-time. The point of absolute cold of the Northern Hemisphere is situated in Oymyakon region, Russia. There, mid January temperature is –50,0°C. Sometime it drops down to -68°C. The lowest temperature of -71.2°C was recorded there in 1926.
Oymyakon is located far away from oceans, deep inside Eurasian land mass and thus it features extreamly subarctic climate - very cold winters and relatively hot, dry and short summers (a record high temperature of 34.6 °C in July 2010). The ground there is permanently frozen (continuous permafrost). Verkhoyansk and Yakutsk (both cities located near Oymyakon) are the only other places in the world with a temperature amplitude higher than 100 °C (180 °F).
Trans-Siberian railroad is an adventure of life - one of the most popular things to do in Russia. Check our Trans-Siberian tour here